Best Flies for Brook Trout

Here I have decided to share with you my favorite brook trout fly patterns. Brook trout are not very savvy usually, but sometimes they can be quite picky if they are heavily fished. Use these flies to increase your catch rate with the wily old elusive brook trout.

Dry Flies

  • Stimulator: These flies look a lot like large caddis and stoneflies. I have found that brook trout throughout the US will usually hit this fly even if neither of the aforementioned insects are hatching.
  • Elk Hair Caddis: Another great fly for brook trout. They just don’t seem to be able to resist this natural looking classic trout fly pattern.
  • Classic Adam’s: This fly works well for all trout, but brook trout around the world fall victim to this amazing pattern on a daily basis. Be sure to keep some of these in your possesion every time you are in brook trout country.

Nymphs For Brook trout

My favorite nymph patterns for brook trout are mostly classic patterns. They really like the extra shine that beadhead nymphs offer.

  1. Beadhead prince nymphs: These classics just look too buggy for any trout to pass up. They seem to look like such a vast array of insects that they are just usually hard to beat.
  2. Zug Bug Nymphs: Also in a beadhead style, these flies really seem to attract a lot of fish.
  3. Montana Stonefly Nymph: The Montana stone is a great natural looking fly pattern. Stoneflies can typically be found in all trout water. So if you don’t have any of these beautiful flies I recommend you go out and buy some. They really do work wonders for brook trout.

There you have it! My secret selection of trout flies to catch brook trout. These flies will work for all species of trout, but the brook trout really seem to like them. Next time you head to your favorite mountain stream to catch those brookies, be sure you have the “best flies for brook trout” in your fly box, or you just might regret it.

Trout Spawning Habits

Spawning trout

Spawning cutthroat trout Photo by NPS

As the time approaches, the females will be busy searching for an area within clear water, often times under the cover of shade. They will also try to make sure the area has gravel and good water flow, because gravel will eventually help top protect the eggs. This will be where she will want to build her red, which is her nest.If the female trout finds a site that she deems suitable, she will use her fins diligently to create a depression within the area. As the females are working hard to create the nest, other males will try to impress her with their mating dances. Once the female is ready with her nest complete, the male will swim up next to her.
When the time comes, the female will release her eggs into the water. The male will release its milt. Soon the eggs will be fertilized. Then, the female will cover the eggs up with gravel before moving on to another site.
Once the female moves to another area, she will proceed to lay more eggs with around two or three different males at different places. A typical 13-inch trout is capable of producing over 1,000 eggs within days.

What Happens to the Eggs?

As the fertilized eggs remain within darkness, they will start going through water hardening with the first hour of being laid. During this time, the pores within the eggs seal. They will remain as sticky eggs in a green egg stage for at around 20 days. During this time, they are extremely fragile and prone to damage. Then, the eggs will become clear and pink as eyes grow. This means that the egg has entered eyed egg stage. For around 2 to 3 weeks, the eggs will remain in this stage.
Then, alevins will appear. This means that the trout is not ready to go off yet, but will eat from a yolk sac that is connected to their bellies. Alevins are a young stage during the trout life cycle. They will stay inside until all of the yolk sac is completely absorbed. Again, at this time, they are very vulnerable still. Once there are no more yolk sacs, they will become free and float towards the surface as they look for food.


Brook Trout Fishing in the Minnesota Boundary Waters

If you are an avid trout fisherman, then you may want to take a trip to the Minnesota Boundary Waters in the fall for the spawning brook trout run. As soon as the leaves change colors and the air begins to smell of the earthy fall season, the brook trout begin to run along the Minnesota Boundary Waters in the Superior National Forest. The locals to the area can tell you that it is the best place to fish around this time of year, and should not be missed. Not only is the fishing anticipated every year, but the adventure that the fishing trips hold in store each year make it the next best anticipated thing since Christmas.

Minnesota bondary watersThe Fishing

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Trout Catch and Release Tips

Releasing a nice brown troutWithout people practicing catch and release these days, many of our overcrowded fisheries would be in jeopardy. By learning a few tips, you can do your part to ensure the trout’s survival after you release it. Follow these tips to keep your trout in great shape after the catch. Continue reading

Greenback Cutthroat Trout


Whether you’re an avid fisherman, a naturalist or just interested in the wildlife around your hometown, the Greenback Cutthroat Trout is a species worth learning about. This fish is a distinctly North American species with a story to prove it. So even if you don’t see them in your local waterways, it’s worth learning about this interesting fish. Keep reading for a quick introduction that will explain everything you should know about. Continue reading

All About the Tiger Trout

Tiger Trout

What do you get when you cross a brown trout with a female brook trout? Well, experts that produced the artificial hybrid (because it very rarely happens in nature) found that you get what has been aptly named the tiger trout.

The trout have dark stripes over a brownish body, which led to their moniker. They are typically between 10 and 16 inches in length and can weigh up to 5 pounds.The record for the largest tiger trout is currently 15 pounds.

The species name is Salmo trutta x Salvelinus fontinalis, a nod to both its parents. The brown trout originated from Europe and western Asia. The brook trout was originally found in the eastern U.S. and Canada. The tiger trout itself is sterile so lakes have to be restocked with the hybrid species as it very seldom occurs naturally. Continue reading

Kokanee and Sockeye Salmon

Female kokanee salmonAll About the Kokanee/Sockeye Salmon

Many species of fish are threatened by changes in environment, habitat or overfishing that are threatening the existence. Kokanee salmon and sockeye salmon are two types of such fish and experts are applying conservation efforts to help save the population.

Kokanee and sockeye salmon are two forms of the same species — and that species has been deemed endangered by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service in 2005. The species rank third in population in the seven species of Pacific salmon, behind the pink salmon and the chum salmon. Continue reading

Fishing Coolers

Yeti tundra coolerWhether you are going on a full day trip in the Florida keys for bonefish or mahi or just a float trip for trout, you surely need a good fishing cooler to keep your beverages ice cold. Some coolers are much better than others Read more about fishing coolers at: These folks have outlined a few different cooler options that will keep your beverages ice cold for several days. Have a look if you are shopping for a good cooler.

Chinook Salmon

King salmon also called the chinookAll About the Chinook Salmon

There are some species of fish that pack the punch of star power.

In this case, the chinook salmon aka: the King salmon has that honor due to it’s sheer size. If there is anything to know about chinook salmon, it’s that they can get huge. They grown to be about 3 feet in length, but it’s the weight that can greatly vary. The average weight for the chinook is about 40 pounds but it can get as large as 120 pounds. Continue reading

Fly Fishing Small Streams and For Trout

Small river trout fishing

The frustrations of teaching myself to catch big fish in really small rivers was immense, but I managed to learn many of the small tricks that make fishing small rivers fairly easy. Super small streams are a royal pain in the butt for most fly fisherman, but that doesn’t have to be a reason to leave all of that good fishing to someone else. Next time you drive past a small mountain creek or a tag alder choked brook trout stream you will know what to do. Fishing 6-12 foot wide rivers can often be like fishing virgin trout streams.

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